Interesting Facts You Must Know About UAE Labour Law


The bustling state of UAE is brimming with annual events that excite, cities that inspire and islands that make you feel at ease.

What’s more? The United Arab Emirates sits at the eastern foot of the Arabian Peninsula and shares a border with prestigious Oman and Saudi Arabia. That’s why millions of expats believe it to be their second home. On the other hand, the UAE is generous enough to consider their rights and duties.  

The latest UAE labour law came to effect on 2nd February 2022, which applies to both the public and private sectors. With that in mind, are you moving to the country to try your luck? In that case, you’ve to understand the labour clauses to reach the highest level of professionalism. 

For instance, Article 121 UAE labour law tells you about the cases in which you can leave the workplace without notifying the authorities. There’s still so much more that you need to acknowledge. Without any further ado, let’s get to work.

1. Workplace Harassment

Under this law, workplace bullying against an employee is strictly prohibited. It includes sexual assault, verbal and non-verbal abuse, or psychological torture against a worker or an employer. Working in a safe environment isn’t flattering but a fundamental right of every employee.

2. Discrimination and Prejudice

Since UAE is a land of second chances for everyone, regardless of religion, caste, or culture, they belong to it. That’s why there’s immense respect for them in the employment sector. That said, no one can discriminate against employees in regard to gender, religion, or national origin. In Addition, the new labour law also prohibits the termination of pregnant employees seeking maternity leaves.

3. Equality in Salaries of Male and Female Employees

The changes in the UAE labour law also debate over equal salaries for men and women as encouraged by gender equality. Again, it bends toward a non-discriminatory regime but with a different context. According to the system, organisations will grant women the same wage as men. They deserve reciprocated appreciation when performing the same duties with equal values.

4. Flexible Working Options

Previously, associating with more than one employer wasn’t allowed as it was against labour laws. However, the latest version grants full liberty to work and permits flexibility. After completing your working hours, you can now work as a part-time employee anywhere else. Working on sharing basis is also an option, where you divide your duties with your colleagues. But there are only 48 working hours allowed per week, which makes it work for 8 hours a day.

5. Time Frame for Employment Agreements

The updated law state that a fixed-term contract shouldn’t exceed three years. Yet, the contract can be renewed and extended for a shorter time frame with the consent of both parties. On the flip side, all unlimited employment contracts must be aligned per the fixed-term employment clauses. Within one year, these contracts must start functioning in compliance with the restrictions, controls and procedures outlined in the decree by law.

6. Non-Disclosure and Non-Competitive Clause

If an employee is caught misusing sensitive information and secrets about the employer or the organisation, the employer has the right to add a non-compete clause. Unless there’s an official condition in terms of time, place and duties attached, the employee is liable to protect business interests. Or else they must leave the premises as per the employer’s demand. 

7. Maternity and Paternity Leaves

Parents are fenceless, and by this, we’re implying that nothing can restrict their professional growth. Even if you have children, UAE’s latest policies are present to assist you. New mothers can enjoy 45 days of maternity leaves with an extended 15-day half-paid leave. Moreover, moms with partially impaired babies can further demand a month’s vacation. 

They can further expand it to 30 days of unpaid leave. However, a medical certificate from relevant authorities is mandatory to prove the credibility of their cause. In case of paternity desertion, parents can take off for over five days within six months of childbirth.

Final Thoughts 

Still, there’s a lot to discuss the recent UAE labour law, but we’ve already discussed some of the main clauses here. Until then, you must know that this country works in favour of everyone who wants it to build a future. Whether you’re a housewife or a working person, there’re rights to prevent you from unfavourable situations. However, if you’re up to knowing more about these laws, connecting with professionals like Davidson & Co would be wise.